Simla Agreement Signed Leader

The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [3] The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the capital Himachal Pradesh. The agreement was a peace treaty signed by the two nations after the end of the Bangladesh War in 1971. Bangladesh had been part of Pakistan since partition in 1947. In 1971, it waged a war of independence against Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971. The agreement was ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries. On 29 August 1972, the two chief negotiators Parmeshwar Narain Haksar (India, Parmeshwar Narain Haksar) and Aziz Ahmed of Pakistan signed the final agreement between India and Pakistan, the summit between Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Shimla Agreement: Donald Trump`s Kashmir claim has become a major controversy because it is contrary to the 1972 Shimla agreement, signed between India and Pakistan.

The main handover ceremony took place at Dhaka National Stadium, where General AAK Niazi, commander of the Pakistan Army`s Eastern Theatre, signed an unconditional surrender instrument in the presence of Lieutenant-General Jagjit Singh Arora, commander of the Army`s Army Of the East of the Indian Army. The immediate outcome of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party of West Pakistan, took power on 20 December 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54% of its population, and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were in possession of India. That is why the first challenges of the new government should resolve the ausdematon state of emergency and the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels, and both recognized the need to begin negotiations.

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