Yellow Sea Agreement Shipping

China and South Korea must take this opportunity to agree on a definitive demarcation of their maritime border. Working meetings on the Yellow Sea are the cornerstone of lasting peace. An agreement could lead to a more complete change in China`s maritime policy and improved maritime cooperation throughout the region. These historical and geopolitical remnants often hinder economic and social interactions between China and South Korea. For example, the possible use by the United States of the High Altitude Area Defence Systems Terminal on South Korean soil has disrupted the imminent ratification of the China-South Korea free trade agreement. There is therefore an urgent need to reach an agreement on maritime cooperation. This should preferably encompass all of East Asia, rather than just China and South Korea. The Yellow Sea is a peripheral sea of the Western Pacific Ocean between mainland China and the Korean Peninsula and can be considered a northwestern part of the East China Sea. It is one of four seas named after the usual colour terms (the others are the Black Sea, the Red Sea and the White Sea), and its name is indicative of the phenomenon that the fine sand grains of the Gobi Desert, which descend each year from the north, transform the surface of its water into golden yellow. The Yellow Sea, with the exception of the Bohai, extends about 960 km from north to south and about 700 km from east to west; it has an area of about 380,000 km2 (150,000 sq) and a volume of about 17,000 km3 (4,100 cu mi). [4] Its average depth is only 44 m, with a maximum of 152 m (499 ft). The sea is a flooded part of the continental shelf that formed after the last ice age (about 10,000 years ago), when sea level reached its current level of 120 meters. The depth gradually increases from north to south.

[4] The seabed and shorelines are dominated by sand and mud, which are transported by rivers across the Bohai Sea (Liao River, Yellow River, Hai He) and the Bay of Korea (Yalu). These deposits, as well as sandstorms, are responsible for the yellowish color of the water, which is referred to in the name of the sea. [5] The lack of a delimitation agreement has raised a problem related to illegal fishing. After over-exploiting its inland waters, China`s fishing fleet must continue to venture to meet growing demand and ships that regularly enter South Korean waters illegally, including incursions into the South Korean coastal sea of 12 nm. In the absence of a final agreement on the EEZ, China and South Korea have managed the fishing regime through a series of temporary measures that establish fishing areas, set catch limits and set quotas for the number of vessels allowed in each area. In November 2018, they agreed on a new fisheries pact that will set rules for both sides. [2] Despite significant challenges, the East China Sea coastal states have taken a series of positive steps to manage their dual rights to the seenotiver jurisdiction. three joint fisheries agreements that were concluded following the ratification of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (CNULOS); the EEZ declaration by China, Japan and the ICC; and the overlapping maritime claims that flow from it – can be considered together. The fisheries agreements concerned are: the agreement between China and Japan of 11 November 1997 on part of the East China Sea; the agreement between Japan and South Korea in January 2000 for parts of the East China Sea and the Sea of Japan (known as the Baltic Sea in South Korea); and the agreement between China and South Korea on 30 June 2001 on parts of the Yellow Sea. [2] Following the ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1996, the two countries declared an exclusive economic zone of 200 miles (nm), resulting in significant overlaps between The Chinese and South Korean areas. Over the years, Beijing and Seoul have held several roundtables to conclude a delimitation agreement, but negotiations have not yet been concluded.

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