Agreement That Temporarily Settled Slavery

Former House spokesman Henry Clay eventually proposed a compromise that both sides agreed to. Missouri could become a state if its legislature made this promise: it would never pass a law that violated the rights of a citizen of another state. This second compromise ended the dispute over slavery in Missouri and the Louisiana Territory. In the decades following 1820, as westward expansion continued and more Louisiana Purchase countries were organized as territories, the issue of the expansion of slavery continued to divide the nation. The compromise of 1850, which had integrated California into the Union as a free state, required California to send a pro-slavery senator to maintain the balance of power in the Senate. On March 3, 1820, the House of Representatives passed the Senate version of the bill and President James Monroe signed it four days later. The following month, former President Thomas Jefferson wrote to a friend that the “Missouri question. like a bell of fire at night, woke me up and filled me with terror. I immediately considered this to be the union`s nelle. It is indeed hushed for the moment. But this is just a respite, not a last sentence. The compromise on the Missouri was highly controversial and many feared that the country had been legally divided along section lines.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act effectively struck down the 1854 act, and the Supreme Court declared it in Dred Scott v.v. Sandford (1857), both of which increased tensions over slavery and contributed to the American Civil War. The provisions of the Missouri Compromise, which prohibit slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36° 30′ N, were effectively repealed by Stephen A. Douglas` Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. The abrogation of the compromise provoked outrage in the North and provoked the return to politics of Abraham Lincoln,[102] who criticized slavery and released Douglas` act in his “Peoria Speech” (October 16, 1854). [103] Tallmadge`s constitutional addition was “the first serious challenge to the spread of slavery” and raised questions about the interpretation of the Republic`s founding documents. [62] John C. Calhoun, a former vice president turned senator from South Carolina, sought to extend slavery to new territories, but in 1850, in a speech to the Senate, I believed from the beginning that the agitation of the slavery issue, if not prevented by a timely and effective measure, would end in disunity. The American-Mexican War was the result of the United States…

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